October 3, 2014
According to Fountas and Pinnell, guided reading is an instructional setting that enables you (the teacher) to work with a small group of students to help them learn effective strategies for processing text with understanding. The purpose of guided reading is to meet the varying instructional needs of all the students in your class, enabling them to greatly expand their reading powers. Guided reading gives the students the opportunity to read at their just right level, which means that the book provides them with a moderate challenge. You choose selections that help students expand their strategies.
How do I do it?
1. Student should be divided in small groups. They are grouped with students who are similar in ability, needs, and strengths.
2. Guided reading lessons are to be about 15-20 minutes in duration.
3. Appropriately leveled reading materials must be selected and each child should have his/her copy of the literature.
4. Pre-Reading: The teacher established a purpose for reading and provide the readers with the background knowledge required for the text.
5. During Reading: The teacher observes the students as they read the text softly or silently to themselves. The teacher provides guidance and coaching to individual students based on his/her observations by providing prompts, asking questions, and encouraging attempts at reading strategies. Also the teacher could be conducting a running record using the conferring form.
6. Post Reading: Set goals for student(s) to use during independent reading or read to self time.
Here is a link to a resource page. There are resources for every grade level.